A talk by Professor Ian Worthington. In 338 the supposed ‘greatness’ of Classical Athens changed forever when Philip II defeated a Greek army at Chaeronea to impose Macedonian hegemony. The Greeks then lived under Macedonian rule until Rome annexed them into its empire in the mid-second century BC. The common opinion is that Athens did a disappearing act, as its democracy was curtailed, it became a provincial city, and the Athenians were forced to share Athena’s sacred home on the Acropolis with the goddess Roma. But this dreary picture belies reality, and this illustrated talk shows that Athens was still a vibrant and extremely influential city.